Coronaviruses are positive sense RNA viruses that belong to the Nidovirales order and Coronaviridae family. The name is derived from their appearance as a crown under electron microscopy [1]. Small, with diameter ranging between 65-125 nm, they are enveloped with a positive sense single-strand RNA genome that varies from 26 to 32 kbs in length [2,3]. In the Coronaviridae family, some members are known to produce disease among a wide range of humans and vertebrates. Their disease spectrum includes respiratory, gastrointestinal and central nervous system infections. They have varying manifestations from symptoms associated with upper and lower respiratory symptoms, affecting several organ systems including renal disease [1,2]. 

 

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